We have dedicated countless hours to developing, extensively refining, and comprehensively enhancing our highly sophisticated citizenship by investment testing and scoring system. Our uniquely designed system aims to provide a remarkably clear, equitable, and in-depth quantitative assessment for all available citizenship by investment programs globally.

By comprehensively utilizing our meticulously calculated scores as an optimal guide, you can swiftly, seamlessly, and effortlessly determine which specific citizenship by investment programs are the absolute most ideal and perfectly suited for your particular needs and desires as an investor seeking a second citizenship.

Below, we will extensively go through and explain each and every nuanced factor so you can fully see exactly how we precisely test, accurately evaluate, and minutely score each aspect of the wide range of citizenship by investment programs currently offered.

Scoring Factors

Our comprehensive overall score is calculated based on a weighted average of 5 uniquely selected scoring factors, with each factor reflecting a critically important dimension and attribute of citizenship by investment programs.

  1. Visa-Free Access (40%): We assess the program’s ability to provide visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to a substantial number of countries, indicating the power and global acceptance of the passport. This factor has the highest weight since it directly impacts the holder’s freedom of movement.
  2. Passport Reputation (30%): We evaluate the international perception of the passport, including diplomatic relations and treatment of passport holders abroad. A reputable passport enables smoother international travel and business.
  3. Cost of Citizenship (15%): We examine the total financial requirement to obtain citizenship, including donations, real estate investments, and other costs. This factor is critical for investors to understand the value and affordability.
  4. Ease of Obtaining (10%): We assess how straightforward and time-efficient the process is to acquire citizenship through investment. This encompasses the clarity of requirements, application process, and overall accessibility of the program.
  5. Processing Time (5%): We examine the duration from application submission to granting of citizenship. Programs with shorter processing times rank higher, indicating efficiency and streamlined processing for applicants.

Importance Factor Weightings


Each individual scoring factor is assigned an appropriate weight based on its relative level of importance, which we then thoroughly aggregate to determine the complete overall score. Our specific individual factor scores are rounded to one decimal place for precision. Our aggregated overall scores for each citizenship by investment program are rounded to the second decimal place for further accuracy.

While highly specific attributes such as “Processing Time” and “Ease of Obtaining” are certainly important elements, we have decided to meticulously adjust and optimize their factor weightings in our current, state-of-the-art scoring system to precisely reflect their true relative importance as determined by comprehensive statistical analyses.

Understanding Our Scores

To most accurately and fully reflect the wide ranging and nuanced characteristics and achievements of the full spectrum of citizenship by investment programs available globally, we have extensively tailored and optimized our grading scale as follows, beginning with the highest elite top tier achievers:

9.0-9.4 – Exceptional: This top tier represents the absolute pinnacle of citizenship by investment programs, setting an exceedingly high standard with truly unparalleled visa-free access, ease of processing, and intensely esteemed reputation. These exceptionally rare scores are reserved solely for the programs that entirely surpass nearly every conceivable expectation.

8.5-8.9 – Outstanding: Scores within this upper echelon range highlight the programs that are extraordinarily outstanding across the board, offering supremely exceptional visa-free access, straightforward processing, and a highly prestigious reputation. They stand out conspicuously as nearly ideal top choices in the entire investment migration market.

8.0-8.4 – Excellent: Programs scoring within this upper bracket are situated among the elite top performers, with absolutely excellent visa-free access, extreme ease of obtaining full citizenship, and a powerfully robust reputation. They represent clearly superior options as investment opportunities.

7.5-7.9 – Very Good: This score range signifies programs that are very good across all relevant parameters, providing strongly competitive visa-free access, a solidly reputable standing, and impressively efficient program operations. While there may be a few minor areas with room for improvement, these programs nonetheless offer tremendous value overall.

7.0-7.4 – Good: Programs scoring within this respectable range exhibit commendably good performance, featuring competitively useful visa-free access and reputations. Although they are not top tier, they remain strong contenders in the global market, albeit with several noticeable areas where enhancements could still be made.

6.0-6.9 – Satisfactory: Reflecting the broad entry level tier of lower performance, these scores indicate basic compliance with minimal expectations regarding visa-free access, ease of obtaining citizenship, and other key factors. However, they demonstrate significant remaining scope for extensive improvement across many areas of evaluation.

This extraordinarily detailed grading scale is meticulously designed to provide an abundantly clear, comprehensively hierarchical understanding of exactly how all the citizenship by investment programs available globally stack up when directly compared to each other, spanning from the absolute highest exceptional elite tier programs to the base lower tier of merely satisfactory programs. This offers potential investors a uniquely nuanced and holistic perspective on each program’s relative strengths, benefits, and areas for improvement.

Scoring Methodology


As the landscape of the global citizenship by investment market evolves dynamically, we are continually seeking out new ways to extensively refine our comprehensive testing processes, optimally adjust scoring criteria, add/remove/revise specific scoring factors, and implement a wide range of additional changes. These ongoing modifications are critically intended to ensure our scoring system perpetually remains the most accurate, detailed, and maximally useful investigative tool available worldwide for evaluating all citizenship by investment programs.

Visa-Free Access

Importance: This metric evaluates the number of countries a passport holder can enter without needing a visa or by obtaining one on arrival. Greater visa-free access signifies a more powerful passport that enables easy global mobility for business, leisure, and emergency travel.

How We Test: We compile and analyze data from travel regulations worldwide, continuously updating our database to reflect the latest visa-free scores. This involves monitoring changes to visa policies, bilateral agreements, and access rights to ensure accurate information.

Ease of Obtaining

Importance: Reflects the complexity, duration, and accessibility of acquiring citizenship through investment. Programs rated highly offer streamlined, efficient application processes that make obtaining citizenship simpler for investors.

How We Test: Our evaluation examines the required residency period, clarity of the process, number of steps, and overall transparency and responsiveness of the citizenship program’s governing bodies.

Cost of Citizenship

Importance: Assesses the financial investment necessary to obtain citizenship, including donations, real estate purchases, and other costs. Programs with competitive, clear pricing and value-adding investment options score higher.

How We Test: We analyze the total expenses associated with each program, including hidden fees, to provide a comprehensive understanding of the required financial commitment. This covers direct costs, due diligence fees, legal fees, and additional charges.

Processing Time

Importance: Measures the time from application submission to receipt of citizenship. Shorter processing times are preferable, reflecting program efficiency and the country’s commitment to facilitating investor citizenship.

How We Test: We track advertised timelines against real user experiences and official updates to provide expected average timeframes. This considers variations by nationality, investment type, and other factors influencing processing times.

Passport Reputation

Importance: Evaluates the international perception of the passport, including diplomatic relations, travel freedom, and how holders are treated abroad. High-scoring passports are well-regarded globally, with fewer travel restrictions and positive reception.

How We Test: We qualitatively analyze global perceptions using sources like international relations reports, travel advisories, and feedback from travelers. We also consider the passport’s strength in obtaining visas and acceptance for business and travel.