best second passports for us citizens

7 Best Second Passport For U.S. Citizens [Guide By Experts]

Having a second passport can be extremely beneficial for U.S. citizens, providing greater freedom to travel, business opportunities, and even potential tax savings. The world of second citizenship is complex, but some of the best options for Americans include countries in the Caribbean and Europe that have official citizenship by investment programs. These allow foreigners to obtain citizenship by making a substantial investment in the country’s economy, usually through the purchase of real estate or contributions to a national development fund.

After extensive research, we’ve identified the best second passports for U.S. citizens looking to quickly obtain an economical second passport.

Learn how we test & score here.

1. Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda offers one of the world’s most popular citizenship by investment programs. An island nation in the Eastern Caribbean, it offers a high standard of living, political stability, good infrastructure and investment opportunities.

The country’s CIP requires either a $100,000 non-refundable contribution to the National Development Fund or a $200,000 investment in real estate. While more affordable Caribbean programs exist, Antigua offers a balance of cost and visa-free travel, with Antiguans able to visit over 150 countries freely or with a visa on arrival. At approximately 3-4 months, processing is also relatively quick.

Becoming an Antiguan citizen means you can live and work there tax free. It also allows visa-free access to the UK and Europe’s Schengen area, making it a smart second passport choice.

7.2 Final Score

8/10Visa-Free Access

6/10Ease of obtaining


7/10Cost of Citizenship

8/10Passport Reputation

2. Saint Lucia

St. Lucia is arguably the most naturally beautiful island destination in the Caribbean. Fortunately, Americans can now obtain a second passport from St. Lucia thanks to its citizenship program.

There are several paths to citizenship, with the most popular being a minimum $100,000 contribution to St. Lucia’s National Economic Fund. For a higher investment of $200,000, applicants can guarantee citizenship for a family of up to four people.

Saint Lucia allows dual citizenship, has no residency requirement, and takes approximately 2-4 months to process applications. Once naturalized, citizens can live and work there tax-free and travel extensively, including Europe’s Schengen area.

7.4 Final Score

8/10Visa-Free Access

7/10Ease of obtaining


7/10Cost of Citizenship

8/10Passport Reputation

3. St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and Nevis is recognized as operating the world’s longest running citizenship by investment program, having launched it in 1984. Since then, it has helped develop the country and bolster its economy through foreign investment in real estate and more.

Today, Americans can still obtain a valuable second passport from St. Kitts. The most direct route is through a $150,000 contribution to the country’s Sustainable Growth Fund, but other options exist.

St. Kitts allows dual citizenship, allows citizens to live and work there tax-free, and grants visa-free travel to over 150 destinations worldwide. Most applications through investment take about 60-90 days to process, making it a fast route to second citizenship.

6 Final Score

8/10Visa-Free Access

6/10Ease of obtaining


4/10Cost of Citizenship

6/10Passport Reputation

4. Dominica

An English-speaking Caribbean island with lush rainforests and natural beauty, Dominica also offers citizenship by investment. According to Dominica’s program rules, applicants are required to contribute $100,000 to the Economic Diversification Fund.

Although Dominica was affected by Hurricane Maria in 2017, recovery efforts have restored infrastructure. Dominica has an attractive tax structure and offers visa-free access to the EU, UK, and many other countries, which is a great complement to a U.S. passport.

According to industry experts, Dominica also has one of the most efficient citizenship programs in the Caribbean, with an average processing time of 3-4 months.

7.6 Final Score

8/10Visa-Free Access

8/10Ease of obtaining


8/10Cost of Citizenship

8/10Passport Reputation

5. Grenada

The three-island nation of Grenada is located just north of Venezuela, giving Americans easy access to South America. Grenada passport holders are also eligible for visa-free travel to China and Russia, privileges not extended to general U.S. passport holders.

Obtaining citizenship under Grenada’s program requires a $150,000 contribution to the Grenada National Transformation Fund or a lesser real estate investment starting at $220,000. Processing times take about 60-90 days, which makes securing a Grenada passport relatively quick.

Grenada makes dual citizenship easy for Americans. Citizens can live and work there tax-free while enjoying extensive global mobility to China, Russia and the EU visa waiver area.

6.6 Final Score

8/10Visa-Free Access

6/10Ease of obtaining


6/10Cost of Citizenship

7/10Passport Reputation

6. Vanuatu

Although not located in the Caribbean, the island nation of Vanuatu in the South Pacific Ocean also has an official citizenship program open to Americans. For a combined family contribution of $130,000, applicants can successfully obtain Vanuatu citizenship and passports within 2-3 months.

Vanuatu maintains close ties with both the EU and the Asia-Pacific region. It’s recognized as the world’s strongest passport within Oceania and Melanesia. Ni-Vanuatu citizens can even visit Russia without a visa – an important travel privilege not available to ordinary U.S. passport holders.

So for Americans looking for special travel privileges and the ability to quickly obtain passports for an entire family, Vanuatu is a smart choice.

8 Final Score

6/10Visa-Free Access

9/10Ease of obtaining


8/10Cost of Citizenship

8/10Passport Reputation

7. Turkey

Compared to other European countries, it’s relatively easy for Americans to obtain Turkish citizenship through ancestry or by buying property. The residency requirement is only 3 years of ownership of a $250,000 property, which can be a rental during that time.

After that, foreigners can apply for full Turkish citizenship, which takes 6-12 months to process. Turkey has a long history straddling Europe and Asia, providing access to both regions. Turkish citizens enjoy good visa-free access to the EU and former Soviet states. Turkey is also touted as having the 13th strongest passport in the world.

For U.S. citizens eligible for citizenship in Turkey and willing to make a long-term investment, obtaining a Turkish passport ultimately offers a high quality of life and extensive freedom to travel.

6.2 Final Score

8/10Visa-Free Access

6/10Ease of obtaining


3/10Cost of Citizenship

8/10Passport Reputation

The bottom line

Having a second passport and citizenship is a wise investment for many Americans from a business, personal mobility and quality of life perspective. Leading options include affordable Caribbean countries focused on foreign investment such as Antigua, St. Lucia, Dominica and Grenada.

More extensive programs in Europe, such as Turkey, offer high visa-free access and diverse lifestyle opportunities in exchange for larger real estate investments. Either way, a second passport diversifies travel freedom and lifestyle options outside the U.S. For Americans willing to go through an alternative citizenship process, it’s important to understand the nuances and legal implications. The U.S. Department of State provides valuable information and guidance on dual citizenship, which can be found at Travel.State.Gov.

How do I qualify for these second citizenship programs?

Most programs grant citizenship by investment, requiring applicants to donate to a national fund, purchase real estate or government bonds. Some countries allow citizenship by ancestry if you have recent ancestry there. Common qualifications also include a clean criminal record, documented legal source of funds, a valid passport, and meeting health/character requirements.

Will I lose my U.S. citizenship if I get a second passport?

No – the United States allows dual citizenship. You can become a citizen elsewhere without giving up your U.S. citizenship and passport. Many second citizenship countries also actively encourage or facilitate dual citizenship. However, all U.S. citizens must file taxes regardless of where they live.

How fast can I get a second passport after I apply?

Processing times vary widely, but most economic citizenship programs take 3 to 6 months from the time you submit your application to the time you receive your second passport. The fastest options are in the Caribbean, with countries like Dominica and Grenada averaging 60-90 days. More complex routes such as Turkey’s investor citizenship program can take over 12 months in total.

What are the tax benefits of a second citizenship?

Several Caribbean countries that allow second passports levy no taxes on worldwide income or assets for non-residents, even citizens living abroad long-term. However, you must still file U.S. taxes on worldwide income. Consultation with an international tax expert may reveal legal ways to optimize tax liability over time using a second citizenship.

Does a second passport increase visa-free travel access?

Yes, tremendously. These alternative citizenships grant visa-free access to key destinations such as the UK, EU Schengen Zone, Russia, China and elsewhere that ordinary US passports don’t. This saves time-consuming visa applications and strengthens travel freedom options for Americans to more easily take advantage of global opportunities.

Can I buy property and do business tax-free as a second citizen?

Many countries allow non-resident citizens to earn locally tax-free. Several also allow tax residents to legally earn foreign income without double taxation. Check specific regulations, but there are ways to use second citizenship to legally structure global business operations while optimizing tax exposure.

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